Posts Tagged ‘charitable giving’

Giving Wisely

Thursday, January 21st, 2010

Sometimes, despite what the etiquette experts say, the very best thing you can give is money – at least when it comes to giving to disaster relief and rebuilding efforts.

This morning I watched a news clip that showcased a neighborhood effort to collect clothing, food, formula and other items to send to Haitian earthquake victims. While I applaud their generosity, it highlights something that Stephanie Strom, in an article in yesterday’s New York Times, wrote:

Don’t send shoes, send money. Don’t send baby formula, send money. Don’t send old coats, send money.

The reasons? First, it is almost impossible for anyone thousands of miles away to know what the true needs of even a functioning community are. It is easy to get caught up in the spirit of doing good and go overboard – sending remnants of items from our closets and pantries to those who truly are less fortunate. Sadly, very often such generosity is completely unusable.  In 2005, just a few months after the devastating tsunami swallowed up whole villages along the Indian Ocean’s coastline, an Operation Kids Foundation representative went to Thailand to do an on-the-ground assessment of a rebuilding project for a client. He noted:

The first trip to Thailand revealed instance after instance of well intended but rushed and ineffective generosity. One illustration: we toured a small private airport and saw a mid-size airplane hangar full to the ceiling with boxes containing thousands of coats and scarves – donated by generous people in the northern hemisphere who were, at the end of December, in the middle of winter. Unfortunately, in the subtropical southern Thai climate, coats are never a necessity and this large inventory sat, unusable, while people lacked day-to-day necessities of food, clothing, water, medical care, housing and a way to support their families. This example is indicative of people so anxious to help, that they didn’t take into account the specific needs of the affected areas.

Second, “stuff” takes up precious cargo space – space that could otherwise be used for medical supplies, specific relief aid and relief workers.

More than what to send or not send, however, is the notion Rick talked about in Tuesday’s blog, “Rethinking Giving.” In an age where we as citizens are calling for more transparency, more accountability and greater impact among the global nonprofit community, we would do well to first evaluate our own giving. We all have limited time and money. As we seek to make the world a better place, let us evaluate where our charitable dollars are going – not just how a nonprofit uses them, but how we give them. If we seek to fund particular initiatives, activities or causes, let us give to to an organization that specializes in that area. If we want improvement, let us begin with ourselves as donors.

By giving wisely, we  help organizations improve their efficiency and their effectiveness. Nonprofits, especially in tough economic times, continually try to do more with less. The more we as donors are able to ease their burdens through responding to a community’s needs rather than our wants, the more organizations will be able to focus on the task at hand – improving people, communities and lives.

If your heart aches like mine does for those in Haiti this week – the greatest gift you can give is a recurring financial gift to an organization well-versed in what is going on on the ground. A little for now to aid in immediate relief, and some for later when the rebuilding begins.

-Sara Brueck Nichols

Rethinking Giving

Tuesday, January 19th, 2010

Last week, Amy Feldman wrote a compelling article titled, “Rethinking Ways to Give Wisely,” in Business Week. It covered some important ground, addressing the “ad hoc” nature that drives so much of charitable giving in this country.

There is no doubt we are experiencing a welcome and overdue proliferation of both awareness and proposed solutions to the question, “Where did my donation go?” The article listed resources including Charity Navigator, GiveWell, Philanthropedia and GreatNonprofits – all are valuable resources and represent important steps to more effective giving. These rating services have come a long way and now offer a much more accurate picture of what exactly it is a given charity purports to do. Further, they now offer more details that enable a donor to tell if that charity is in fact accomplishing its mission.

The author also makes a statement that was the catalyst for the creation of Operation Kids Foundation and likely other versions of philanthropic advisories:

Baby boomers have become used to getting advice on their finances, yet there are few places to turn for philanthropic advice for those giving less than $1 million. While increasing numbers of people have set up donor-advised funds, which can be a smart financial-planning move, these vehicles don’t answer the question of where to give the money for greatest effect.

We seek to answer this question for donors.

There is an underlying fact to this subject matter that should be drawn out:  the reason that these “rating systems for charities” exist is because in this country, our generosity exceeds our options in terms of advice and planning.  Donors are surrounded by solicitations on television, in the mailbox, online and via radio-thons. This abundance of solicitations coupled with our busy lives and generous nature, has something to do with the “ad hoc” nature of giving.

One of the top reasons people give for making a donation is simply the fact that, “I was asked!” It is natural to give on emotion, or to respond to a solicitation from a trusted friend or family member. It is even more common to give in reaction to crisis or disaster. But all of these methods lack specifics; they lack a plan. When we give in this way we often give small amounts to many different organizations. We don’t have time to track every small gift and we accept the good feelings we earn through giving and leave it at that. These characteristics have everything to do with the disappointment and frustration that can accompany charitable giving.

In our capacity as a philanthropic advisor, we meet daily with donors who have taken the steps to create structured and sophisticated vehicles for amassing and eventually (or gradually) dispersing charitable dollars, but who have given very little thought as to the intended result. What issues do they intend to address? Is this a family effort? Do they want opportunities to involve children or grandchildren and perhaps visit the areas of the world they impact? Is their focus domestic, or health related, or educationally driven—there are so many choices and so many subsets to each choice. And in the face of natural disaster it becomes doubly confusing: Is the donor interested in immediate aid or long-term recovery? What do they know about the charities they are considering? Is there a delivery mechanism for the aid?  Does the charity fully understand the government, culture and community they seek to assist?

These questions often go unanswered and in one of the sad twists to charitable giving, can lead to frustration rather than the expected fulfillment. This is in sharp contrast to the alternative of planned, measured and leveraged giving; that may be a new term to some but it is the simple notion that if you care about an issue, it is very likely thousands of other people do as well; imagine the impact of your combined giving! 

With the situation in Haiti reviving feelings we came to know all too well during the Tsunami and Katrina, it is wise to consider how we give. It is also wise to seek out all of the information you can find abut the charities you are considering. But remember this:  At then end of the day, charitable giving is a very personal process. There are precious few resources that can personalize your giving with your vision and objectives in mind, but they do exist. The options that may be available to you depend upon your assets and structure. Some charge a fee. As far as we know, we are the only one who offers those services as a charity.

I can promise you this; once you make a fully informed donation to an accountable charity that demonstrates efficiency and shows measurable benefit, you will never go back to an ad hoc method of giving.  

-Rick B. Larsen